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Vik Rampersad, Student of history especially military history
The reasons why France collapsed are myriad but basically they boil down to a few main ones


Very poor communication between the front line and the rear command such that by the time orders reached the front the units were either already overrun or simply not where they were supposed to be. The military leadership was inept (at best) and the political and military leaders detested each other


Outdated tactics. The French on paper were the strongest force in Europe possessing the best tanks, excellent artillery, good defenses , slightly superior aircraft and more troops. Unfortunately the French never concentrated their armor to meet the Germans and their fighter forces went AWOL allowing the Germans local air superiority which proved decisive. In addition, the French (and British) assumed that the Germans would fight a conventional war which meant a slow advance with halts to reorganise and bring up artillery and supplies in order to demolish strongpoints. Instead the Germans used air power as mobile artillery to blast their way through the French lines and bypassed strongpoints to be mopped up later. By not having to transport their artillery across rivers and obstacles they were able to move at astonishing rates which exploited the slow French lines of communication


In contrast, the Russians were viewed as hopelessly backward, uncivilised and ill equipped. The great purges of Stalin in 37–39 had decimated the Red army commanders and Russia had been fought to a standstill by the tiny ill equipped Finns in the Winter war. There was not a single military strategist who believed that Russia could withstand the army that had destroyed the best that Europe could put in the field - and they were correct. The Germans initially advanced into Russia at an even faster rate than in France capturing hordes of prisoners and territory until the onset of Autumn rain and the coldest Winter in over a century halted them


What saved Russia was the German delay in launching Barbarossa as well as the decision to strike for the oilfields rather than Moscow as a priority target. Had Moscow fallen Stalin would in all likelyhood have been ousted and Russia forced to retreat beyond the Ural mountains thus allowing the Germans to consolidate their gains and build up a supply chain. Additionally Russian roads were archaic and unpaved and turned into metre deep quagmires in the Autumn rains preventing any effective movement of troops and supplies. The lack of mechanisation of the German army was its Achilles heel in this regard with the bulk of its transport being horse drawn and captured British and French lorries or air supply on VERY primitive airfields where the attrition rate from accidents was horrendous.


The Russian railroads were of a different gauge to those in Europe which meant that, unlike in France, the German railroads could not use Russian lines to supply the troops rapidly and in bulk. The Russian scorched earth policy also prevented the Germans from supplying on the march and compelled them to bring in supplies from the rear… a very slow exercise that handicapped any advance. Russia thus devolved from Blitzkreig at the onset of Barbarossa to a more traditional WWI conflict with supply dumps having to be established and troops and materiel concentrated before an attack could be mounted. This loss of rapid mobility handicapped the Germans and allowed the Russians to construct some truly astounding defense lines


Another factor was that the Russians would often fight to the death rather than surrender, especially as the examples of those who had surrendered were made. Whole families of captured Russian troops were executed and any troops trying to surrender were shot by the dreaded NKVD. It was better to die fighting the Germans than die at the hands of the NKVD. The German treatment of Russian prisoners was truly appalling and the rumours of this spread throughout the Red Army thus bolstering their resolve to fight to the death.

Joe Chatterton
The French Surrendered because their situation was hopeless. The German Tanks had overrun The Low Countries and Northern France. While Italy and Spain were still technically nutreal they were both sympathetic to Hitler and surrounded France. The French’s only real ally at the time was the British. Who despite what most say was in many ways a liability to the French. They were poorly organized and were know to retreat at the slightest pressure without informing their French Allies leaving the French flanks vandable. The British did have a powerful Navy but battle ships do not help on land. At Dunkirk the British Completely abandoned the French. During the Start of WWII the French Military was suppior to the British in almost every way. The only thing that saved Britain From the surrendering with the French is there geography position. And the weakness of the German Navy. Turning to the Eastern Front and The USSR. The USSR would have been defeated if Hitler had acted more rationally. Moscow was in site and if he had advanced on it rather than attacking Stalingrad the Soviet unx would have been forced to surrender. During the early stages of the war the Soviet army performed very poorly. Germans occupied Soviet lands far larger than the whole of France. To directly answer the question the reason that Britain and the USSR were able to hold out while the French surrendered had quite little to do with military strength but everything to do with geography.